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By M. Susana Díaz, Trainer, Argentina

For the last ten years my colleague Sara Fliess and I have worked with groups of marginalized women. Last year we proposed a project to Madre Tierra (Mother Earth), an NGO, that works in housing projects for homeless people at Moreno, one of the poorest areas of Greater Buenos Aires. Madre Tierra hired us for ten months to work with women and children at risk, because of domestic violence, at two barrios. The project I describe here is a unique one where we integrate Focusing with the Capacitar1 healing techniques for victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). We worked from August 2003 to May 2004 as a visiting team. Unfortunately, funding was not renewed, so we continue as volunteers every other week at the Community Center. We provide the art material (music, papers, crayons and clay).

The women and their children eat their meals in community dining rooms. Their environment is saturated with an atmosphere of violence that has penetrated the social framework in our country. High levels of unemployment lead to frustration and loss of self-esteem, since no matter how hard people try to find a way to feed their families, they are unable to do so. More than 90% of the women in this project are or have been victims of domestic violence. To add to the problems, a health care system that depends on a poor State is not able to render the services required by a population victimized by below-poverty levels of life.

We decided to create a space where women could feel safe, where they could share their life-stories and feel unconditionally accepted. We wanted to integrate them into a framework of new relationships—a different way of relating to their own bodies and to their fellow participants, and then in their other social relationships
The first stage was devoted to “Recovering the awareness of their own bodies.” In sharing their life-stories, the women referred to memories of experiences felt or suffered on their own bodies as if they were split or had numbed the traumatic memories as well as any awareness of their need to play, to feel pleasure, and to contact whatever their bodies needed. I sometimes felt that these women had been “mutilated,” since they had exiled parts of their lives and went on with their ordinary lives as if nothing had happened. We therefore devoted time during our weekly meetings to bringing their attention to their bodies.

Lucero (left) is a Peruvian refugee from political persecution. Esther (right) is from Paraguqy and left her country because of extreme poverty.

Description of the process:

Cristina’s Experience:

Cristina shared with me how Focusing has changed her life. First, she said that Focusing has been an easy shortcut to self-knowledge. She said that she could dive into the Focusing process in a natural way, without any effort, “as an old shoe, so comfortable to walk with.” Through Focusing, she has learned a new way to listen and relate with some difficult parts of herself, and now she is trying to do the same when she relates with her family and friends. Cristina is astonished at how Focusing has helped her to modify her violent behavior toward her children.


The great contribution of Focusing is the fact that it may be taught. We intend to begin the next stage of the group process teaching Gendlin’s steps. Our purpose is to gradually achieve partnerships among the members of the group. We also hope that these women may finally own Focusing as a way of life to change old relationship patterns into new ones which may overcome their violent ways of relating with their environment. Focusing empowers these marginal women, as they acknowledge in themselves a great strength to change their lives and their environment. Their capacity to say “I” forms. At this depth they get in contact with their most profound truth, and they recover their genuine freedom. We observe how their discernment becomes clear as their capacity for bodily sensing what they want and what they don’t want grows.

Focusing offers healing to women who could otherwise never have access to expensive psychotherapies in a sadly impoverished country. It is moving to observe the easy way in which these women have access to information coming from their bodies. They themselves are amazed when they realize the enormous richness held in their bodies, and all the strength they find to be able to say NO!—to name what they want, or perhaps to acknowledge that which they have exiled for years and are only now able to recognize as part of their lives.

Susana Díaz, M.D. from Universidad Nacional de la Plata, with a degree in Clinical Psychology from Universidad Católica Argentina, and a Masters degree in Spirituality from Holy Names College, Oakland, California.

1 CAPACITAR is a non profit organization founded and directed by Patricia Mathes Cane that works with Third World populations that are victims of PTSD (for more information see www.capacitar.org).

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